Mind Body Medicine (more...)
1. Cassileth, B. and Drossman, D. Psychosocial factors
in gastrointestinal illness. Psychotherapy and psychosomatics,
59: 131-143, 1993.
2. Cohen, S., Doyle, W.J., Skoner, D.P. Rabin, B.S.,
& Gwaltney, J.M. Jr., (1997). Social Ties and Susceptibility
to the Common Cold. JAMA, 277(24), 1940-1944.
The objective of this study was to examine the hypothesis
that diverse ties to friends, family, work and community
are associated with increased resistance to infection.
After reporting the extent of participation in 12 types
of social ties (e.g., spouse, parent friend, workmate,
member of a social group), 276 subjects were given nasal
drops containing I of 2 rhinoviruses and monitored for
the development of a common cold. The results showed
that subjects with more types of social ties were less
susceptible to common colds, produced less mucus, were
more effective in ciliary clearance of nasal passages,
and shed less virus. The authors conclude that more
diverse social networks are associated with greater
resistance to upper respiratory illness.
3. Cohen, S. Tyrell, D.A. & Smith A.P. (1991). Psychological
Stress and Susceptibility to the Common Cold. New England
Journal of Medicine, 325(?), 606-612.
The relationship between psychological stress and the
frequency of documented clinical colds among subjects
intentionally exposed to respiratory viruses was measured
in this study in order to determine whether psychological
stress suppresses host resistance to infection. After
completing questionnaires assessing degrees of psychological
stress, 394 healthy subjects were given nasal drops
containing one of five respiratory viruses. The rates
of both respiratory infection and clinical colds increased
in a dose-response manner with increases in the degree
of psychological stress.
4. Henry, J.P. The relation of social to biological
processes in disease. Soc Sci Medicine 1982; 16: 369-380.
5. Herbert, T. and Cohen, S. Depression and immunity:
A meta-analatyc review. Psychological Bulletin, 113:
6. Hoffman JW, Benson H, Arns PA, Stainbrook GL,
Landsberg L, Young JB, Gill A. Reduced sympathetic nervous
system responsivity associated with the relaxation response.
Science 1982; 215: 190-2.
7. Kobasa, S.C. (1979). Stressful Life Events, Personality
and Health: An Inquiry Into Hardiness. Journal of Personality
and Social Psychology, 37(1), 1-11.
This study identifies personality characteristics that
play a role in the ability of highly stressed people
to remain healthy. Executives from high stress/low illness
and high stress/high illness categories were identified.
Three elements of the personality were measured: control,
commitment, and challenge. High stress/low illness executives
were more in control, more committed and more oriented
to challenge than high stress/high illness executives.
8. Lazar, S.W., Bush, G., Gollub, R.L., Fricchione,
G.L., Gurucharan, K., Benson, H. Functional brain mapping
of the relaxation response and meditation. NeuroReport
11: 1581-1585, 2000.
9. Levenstein, S., Prantera, C., Varvo, V., Scribano,
M., Berto, E., Andreoli, A. and Luzi, C. Psychological
stress and disease activity in ulcerative colitis: A
multidimensional cross-sectional study. American Journal
of Gastroenterology, 89: 1219-1225, 1994.
10. Lutgendorf, S., Logan H., Kirchner H.L.; Rothrock
N., Svengalis, S. < inverson, K. Lubaroff, D. Effects
of relaxation and stress on the capsaicin-induced local
inflammatory response. Psychosom Med 62: 524-534, 2000.
11. Mandle CL, Domar A, Harrington DP, et al: The
Relaxation Response in Femoral Angiography, Radiology
174: 737-9, 1990.
12. Pert, C.B., Dreher, H.E., & Ruff, M.R. (1998).
The Psychosomatic Network: Foundations of Mind-Body
Medicine. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine,
In this comprehensive review article, the authors update
the concept of the human organism as a psychosomatic
network rooted in neuropeptides and their receptors.
They give a historical perspective on the field of psychoneuroimmunology.
They also review recent data on the clinical relevance
of neuropeptide interactions for various human diseases.
Finally, they offer new evidence to showing emotions
as the bridge between mind and body, including data
demonstrating that mind-body interventions which facilitate
emotional expression can result in physiological healing.
13. Simonton, S.S., & Sherman, A.C. (1998) Psychological
Aspects of Mind-Body Medicine: Promises and Pitfalls
from Research with Cancer Patients. Alternative Therapies
in Health and Medicine 4(4), 50-67. .
Psychological interventions for cancer patients are
reviewed in this article. The following four areas are
examined: (1) adjustment and quality of life, (2) symptom
control, (3) immune function and (4) disease progression.
In each area, psychosocial dimensions of risk and resilience,
the efficacy of current interventions, and the directions
of future research are discussed.
14. Sobel, D.S., (2000) The Cost-Effectiveness of
Mind-Body Medicine Interventions. Progress in Brain
This article presents evidence on the cost-effectiveness
of mind-body medicine interventions including mental
health treatment and consultation, group behavioral
medicine interventions, virtual communities and online
support, and preparation for surgical and medical procedures.
Studies which specifically examine the cost-effectiveness
of group behavioral medicine interventions in the context
of psychosomatic complains, stress-related disorders,
heart disease, arthritis, chronic disease, chronic pain
and cancer are discussed. The author also addresses
barriers to integrating mind-body medicine into medical
15. Whitehead, W. Behavioral medicine approaches
to gastrointestinal disorders. Journal of Consulting
and Clinical Psychology, 60: 605-612, 1992.
16. Whitehead, W., Crowell, M., Robinson, J., Heller,
B. and Schuster, M. Effects of stressful life events
on bowel symptoms: Subjects with irritable bowel syndrome
compared with subjects without bowel dysfunction. Gut,
33: 825-830, 1992.
17. Williams, R., Suarez, E., Kuhn, C., Zimmerman,
E. and Schanberg, S. Biobehavioral basis of coronary-prone
behavior in middle-aged men. Part I: Evidence for chronic
SNS activation in Type A's. Psychosomatic Medicine,
53,: 517-527, 1991.