The Relaxation Response and Mental Health
Studies hebben aangetoond dat de Relaxatie Respons een
positief effect heeft op stress, chronische pijn, angst
en drugs en alcohol misbruik.
a. Reducing anxiety.
Kabat-Zinn, J., Massion, A.O., Kristeller, J., Peterson,
L.G., Fletcher, K.B., Pbert, L., Lenderk:ing, W.R.,
& Santorelli, S.F. (1992). Effectiveness of a meditation-based
stress reduction program in the treatment of anxiety
disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 936-943.
Study of 22 patients referred for meditation and relaxation
program who had generalized anxiety disorder or panic
disorder (ages 26-65, 17 women). The intervention consisted
of a 8-week long course involving weekly 2-hour classes
and a 7.5 hour intensive meditation retreat session
in week six. Subjects were assessed at the start and
end of intervention and at monthly intervals for 3 months
after treatment. A. significant reduction in symptoms
of anxiety and depression was identified during treatment
and maintained for at least 3 months after treatment
ended. The authors indicated that a 3 year follow-up
showed that 18/22 subjects maintained these beneficial
b. Reducing Chronic. Pain.
Kabat-Zinn, J., Lipworth, L., & Bumey, R. (1985).
The clinical use of mindfulness meditation for the self-regulation
of chronic pain. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 8,
Investigators compared patients in two
hospital clinics involving. One hospital clinic treated
patients using "mindfulness meditation".; 90 chronic
pain patients received 10 weeks of a Stress-Reduction
and Relaxation Program (SRRP). In these patients, investigators
found statistically significant reductions in pain symptoms,
mood disturbance, and psychological symptoms. Pain-related
drug utilization also decreased and self-esteem increased.
Improvement was independent of sex, source of referral
or type of pain. A comparison group of patients in the
other hospital pain clinic (n=21) and referrals to the
SRRP from the pain clinic (n =21) did not show similar
improvement after traditional treatment protocols. At
follow-up, improvements were maintained for 15 months
for all measures except one measure of pain; the majority
of subjects reported high compliance with daily meditation.
c. Preventing and Treating Substance
Gelderloos, P ., Wa.ltOn, K.G., Orme-Johnson, D.
W., & Alexander, C.N. (1991). Effectiveness of the
transcendental meditation program in preventing and
treating substance misuse: A Review. International Journal
of the Addictions, 26, 293-325.
reviewed 24 studies on the benefits of Transcendental
Meditation in treating and preventing substance abuse.
They concluded from this review that "all studies showed
positive effects of the TM program. Only two studies,
however, used longitudinal experimental designs with
random assignment of subjects. Myers & Eisner (1974)
randomly assigned young male students from a community
college (selected from a large pool of volunteers).
Sixty were assigned to TM, 60 to karate, and 60 to a
no-treatment control group. After 4 months, investigators
compared groups on use of marijuana, psychedelics, uppers,
downers, and hard drugs. There was a significant drop
in one or more categories of substance abuse in TM participants
relative to controls. The second Study (Bounouar 1989),
examined 923 TM participants and 6,145 controls who
attended an introductory lecture on TM. Subjccts were
followed for 20 months, examining tobacco consumption
levels. Over 80% of those who meditated twice a day
quit or decreased smoking after 20 months vs. 55% of
irregular meditators and 33% of controls(P<.0001).
Also see Alexander, C.N., et al (1994). Treating and
preventing alcohol, nicotine, and drug abuse through
transcendental meditation: A review and meta-analysis.
Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 11(1/2), 13-87.