Mind Body Medicine
Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
XIII Exercise

1. Courneya, K.S., & Friedrenreich, C.M. (1999). Physical Exercise and Quality of Life Following Cancer Diagnosis: A Literature Review. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 21(2), 171-179.
The purpose of this article is to provide a systematic, comprehensive, and critical review of the existing literature on physical exercise and quality of life (QOL) following cancer diagnosis. A total of 24 studies are reviewed. Overall the studies demonstrate that physical exercise has a positive effect on QOL following cancer diagnosis, including physical and functional well-being and psychological and emotional well-being. Sample limitations, design limitations, exercise intervention/measurement limitations, and outcome variable/measurement limitations are all discussed and future directions for research are suggested.

2. LaFontaine, T .P ., DiLorenzo, T .M., Frensch , P .A., Stucky-Ropp, R.C., Bargman, E.P ., & McDonald, D.G. (1992). Aerobic Exercise And Mood. A Brief Review, 1985-1990. Sports Med, 13(3),160-170.
The purpose of this review is to analyze the most recent data on aerobic exercise and mood enhancement to determine if it is possible to make more substantive conclusions in past reviews. This review focuses specifically on the following areas: (a) an examination of pertinent previous reviews completed in the 1980's including reviews on exercise and depression, exercise and anxiety, and methodological issues; (b ) a critical review of controlled studies reported between 1985 and 1990 including research on depressed/anxious subjects and nondepressed/nonanxious subjects; and (c) recommendations for future investigations. Consistent conclusions in these reviewed publications are as follows: (a) aerobic exercise and depression and anxiety are related in an inverse and consistent manner; (b ) aerobic exercise is effective in the treatment of mild to moderate forms of depression and anxiety; ( c ) increased benefits were greatest for those who were more depressed and more anxious; and ( d) an increase in cardiovascular fitness was not necessary for mood enhancement.